Val d’Orcia

our guide to the val d'orcia

the valley

Extending from the hills south of Siena to Monte Amiata, the Val d’Orcia, or valley of the Orcia River, is one of the most picturesque regions of Tuscany.  Its gentle cultivated hills marked by deep gullies and ribbons of cypresses make it the subject of many a photographer pulled off by the side of the road.  A UNESCO World Heritage site since 2004, its ancient landscape is pictured in Lorenzetti’s 14th C. “Allegory of Good and Bad Government”  and in subsequent Renaissance paintings.  Not surprisingly, the film industry has found it an evocative backdrop for films such as The English Patient, Gladiator, Fellini’s 8 ½,and MidsummerNight’s Dream

The valley is not densely populated; its small towns and villages are perched high above wide swathes of wheat fields and vineyards.  Within the region are Pienza, a Pope’s ‘ideal town’,  and Montalcino, whose Brunello wine is one of Italy’s most prestigious.  Yet be prepared for places you have never heard of to take your breath away.

The view of the Val d'Orcia from Pienza takes in the emerald fields in Spring and the rise of Monte Amiata.

historical notes

Ghino di Tacco, Val d'Orcia's Robin Hood

In 1155 the German Federico Barbarossa arrived in San Quirico d’Orcia to finalize discussions with the Pope’s emissaries to become become Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.  In Castiglione d’Orcia the mid-13th C. saw the rise of two citadels, the Rocca degli Aldobrandeschi and the nearby Rocca di Tentennano, which speak to the frequent battles which swept the valley and the need for defensive lookouts.  In the 13th C. Radicofani was the headquarters of Italy’s Robin Hood, Ghino di Tacco,  the gentleman thief who always left his victims enough to live on.  In the mid-15th C. Pope Pius II’s architect Rossellini transformed the sleepy village of Corsignano into the ‘Ideal Renaissance town’ now known as Pienza.  In 1555 Montalcino became the Siena Republic’s last refuge as hundreds of noble families took shelter, resisting for four years the dominion of the Florentine Medicis. 

When modern warfare invaded the valley centuries later Iris Origo’s first-hand memoir ‘War in Val d’Orcia‘ is a fascinating account of how the populous dealt with the events of World War II.

events in the val d'orcia

Jazz and Wine in Montalcino – mid-July

Held within the ancient fortress at the top of the town and conveniently near the enoteca, jazz rules on summer nights.

Sagra del Tordo in Montalcino – Last weekend in October

This costumed archery competition between the town’s 4 districts coincides with a celebration of the Song Thrush.

Forme nel Verde in San Querico d’Orcia – July to October

The marriage of art and natures preside when contemporary sculpture appears in the 16th C. Horti Leonini gardens. 

Chestnut Festival in Campiglia d’Orcia – last Sunday in October

Chestnut-based dishes are the star of the show, but costumed processions add to the fun of this mountain festival.

Gioco del Cacio al Fuso in Pienza – Early September

Pienza’s 6 districts vie for who is best at rolling its cheese closest to the target. Happily all ends with a dance in the town centre.

Festival Solo Belcanto in Montisi – 16-25 August

In the charming village theatre  opera is the order of the day, for 10 days of concerts and master classes.  Programme 

Festival of Ancient Trades in Radicofani – 1-2 June

Re-enactment of trade, culinary & community traditions feature harvesting, cheese making, bow building and much more.

Il Maggio in Castiglione d’Orcia – 30 April & 1 May

Storytellers and musicians wander town & country to bring luck in the coming year. For their efforts they receive food and wine.

Teatro Povero in Monticchiello – 3 weeks in July & August

For decades local actors and villagers have produced theatre reflecting the history and present conditions of their town.

Palio del Bigonzo in Radicofani – September

Medieval transformation of the town as 4 districts race to Piazza San Pietro with containers once used to carry eggs.

Barbarossa’s Day in San Quirico d’Orcia – 3rd Sunday in June

Music and street plays commemorate the day Duke Frederick Hohenstaufen, Barbarossa, arrived and changed San Quirico.

White Truffle Market in San Giovanni d’Asso – March & mid-Nov.

Prized white truffles are displayed and bargained over and visitor learn about this tuber in the town’s Truffle Museum.

things to do in the val d'orcia

 Ride a vintage steam train through the clay hills around Siena and the outer Val d’orgia.  Traveling slowly on the Treno Natura thru this landscape is the best way to go.

Taste the Val d’Orcia’s premium wines.  Montalcino’s Brunello and Montepulciano’s Vino Nobile are not inexpensive, but a sip or two will tell you if their fame is justified. 

Sample pecorino at a cheese factory near Pienza.  Not only will you learn something, but product sampling on site is practically a meal.

Go truffle hunting at the edge of the Crete Senesi.   Tours with guides and their dogs are normally followed by tastings or a light lunch.

Enjoy concerts in evocative places.  The ‘Incontri in Terra di Siena‘ concert series will take you to churches, gardens and stately homes in this beautiful area.

Bathe in the thermal springs in Bagni San Filippo. Among Tuscany’s many hot springs, these are some of the most dramatic, easy to access and free! 

towns & sites

pienza

montalcino

Named after the Pope who re-created it according to Renaissance principles, Pienza has both splendid architecture and sweeping views of the Val d’Orcia.  As the pecorino cheese capital of the region it is also delicious place to stop for a meal. 

Dominated by a vast fortress that now hosts an excellent enoteca offering visitors the chance to taste the area’s prestige red wines, Brunello and Rosso di Montalcino, Montalcino is a charming town with spectacular vistas. 

Montisi

San Quirico d'Orcia

Sprawled on a hilltop between the Val d’Orcia and the Crete Senese, Montisi is small village with a large heart.  Off the beaten tourist track, it provides a glimpse into the life of a vibrant Tuscan community that knows how to entertain itself.

Located on the ancient Roman  Via Cassia, San Quirico‘s medieval walled town centre boasts the beautifully adorned Collegiata of the Saints Quirico and Giulitta, as well as the Horti Leonini gardens, a setting for contemporary sculpture exhibitions.

bagno Vignoni

Castiglione d'Orcia

With its large pool at the heart of the hamlet, Bagno Vignoni has been a spa destination for centuries, visited by popes, saints and Lorenzo de Medici.  Modern visitors cannot dip their feet in the pool,  but they can bathe in the Parco dei Mulini springs nearby.

On the boundary between Val d’Orcia and the forests of Monte Amiata, Castiglione d’Orcia‘s picturesque centre evokes its medieval past.  Its citadels mark the horizon and the nearby hot springs at Bagni San Filippo make for a wonderful day out.

Radicofani

Montepulicano

The town of Radicofani rests at the foot of the hill on which the imposing Rocca fortress was built in 978 and repeatedly restored over the centuries.  Known as the headquarters of Ghino di Tacco, Italy’s ‘Robin Hood’, the town honors its history & present.

Just outside the confines of the Val d’Orcia, Montepulciano stretches along the hilltop overlooking the lovely Madonna di San Biagio church.  Famous for its stately Renaissance palaces, Piazza Grande and well-respected  Vino Nobile red wine. 

Sant'antimo

La Foce

Set against a backdrop of olive groves on a gently rising hillside, the Romanesque Benedictine Abbey of Sant’Antimo is but 10 km. from Montalcino.  Built of golden travertine in the 12th C., its origins date to the time of Charlemagne. A balm for the weary.

Built originally in the 15th C. as a hospice for pilgrims and traders traveling the Via Francigena, the La Foce estate was purchased in 1924 and restored by Iris and Antonio Origo, who with Cecil Pinsent created its fine gardens. 

food and wine

The landscape that causes visitors to pause to admire its beauty also plays a role in some of the region’s finest ingredients.  The gently-rolling clay hills are home to the flocks of sheep whose milk becomes Pecorino, the versatile cheese whose flavour is determined by its aging and various added ingredients such as peppercorns, chillies or truffles. From the forests on and around Monte Amiata instead come Tartufi, truffles, and the Porcini mushrooms which appear with Pici, the thick hand-rolled spaghetti popular in this area. Further bounty of the woods are Castagne, chestnuts; while they are roasted over the fire and sold during the cooler seasons in most town centres, they are also incorpoated in stews and meat dishes and the flour contributes to Castagnaccia, a chestnut cake featuring pine nuts, rosemary and raisins. 

Other menu favorites include Ribollita, a thick soup utilizing leftover bread, beans and vegetables and Fiori di zucca ripieni, zucchini flowers stuffed with ricotta cheese and herbs.  Those with a sweet tooth will likely favor Ricciarelli, the lozenge-shaped almond and candied orange rind biscuits or chewy Panforte, the spicy cake utilizing fruit, nuts and Montalcino’s famous honey.

Occasions at which to try these dishes and others include: Montalcino’s Sagra del Tordo in mid-August and Honey Week in mid-September, Vivo d’Orcia’s Polenta Festival in July or Mushroom and Chestnut Festival in early October, and San Giovanni d’Asso’s White Truffle Market in November.

Wines:  To accompany these dishes trying the Val d’Orcia’s famed Brunelli di Montalcino or Rosso di Montalcino or Montepulciano’s Vino Nobile or Rosso is almost a given.  There are so many valid wineries and enotecas that tasting is always just round the corner.  The Consorzio di Vino Orcia provides excellent suggestions for wine-lovers seeking an itinerary.

Pecorino cheese
Stuffed zucchini flowers
Ribollita
Castagnaccia

market days

 MONDAYS – San Giovanni d’Asso (1st Monday of the month)

TUESDAYS – Monteroni d’Arbia, San Quirico d’Orcia (2nd & 4th)

WEDNESDAYS – Siena

THURSDAYS – Montepulciano, Radicofani (2nd & 4th)

FRIDAYS – Pienza, Montalcino

SATURDAYS – Buonconvento, Asciano, Vivo d’Orcia (2nd)

restaurants

  • Sette di Vino– Pienza, Tel: 0578 749092
  • La Bandita Townhouse Café– Pienza, Tel: 0578 749005
  • Dopolavoro La Foce –  Near La Foce – Pienza, Tel: 0578 754025
  • Re di Macchia– Montalcino, Tel: 0577 846116
  • Le Logge del Vignola– Montepulciano, Tel: 0578 717290
  • Osteria La Porta di Sotto– Buonconvento, Tel: 0577 808386
  • Osteria La Porta– Monticchiello, Tel: 0578 755163
  • La Locanda del Castello– San Giovanni d’Asso, Tel: 0577 802939
  • Ristorante Da Ciacco– San Querico d’Orcia, Tel: 0577 897312
  • Da Ciacco – San Querico d’Orcia, Tel: -577 897312
  • Il Loggiato– Bagno Vignoni, Tel:0577 888973
  • Trattoria le Ginestre dall’Ada – Radicofani, Tel:  0578 55918

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